ICT – dangers – the good ol’ copy and paste!

November 7, 2011 by georgia1987 Leave a Comment

Every assignment I have ever set a class, there is always at least one student who thinks it is ok to copy a great slab of text, without referencing and claim it as there own. Every teacher has seen it and it is pretty easy to detect when your struggling student hands in a thesis sized assignment with words and abstract ideas you are grappling to understand yourself!! So how do we stop it? I have actually got to the point of explicitly writing on assignment sheets, do not copy and paste, all information must be in your own words and references used. But when your students are in Yr 10 and still doing this, there is a problem!!

I think that we as all teacher must have the ‘plagarism talk’ with all of our students, at the start of the year, before we hand out an assignment and after we retrieve the assignments, and their must be severe penalties for students engaging in such practices. Maybe schools should use https://turnitin.com/static/index.php Turnitin and work like universities? Too harsh?

I think, we do students no favours in saying “Don’t worry, thats ok, just don’t do it again” because when our students enter the real world, they can get in real trouble by engaging in such practices.

So lets teach our kids how to synthesise and reference and say “NO” to the copy and paste! Its our job!

I totally agree with you. Too often than not you find students who have gone to Wikipedia for their answers. I think they have to be taught how  to  summarize articles and research better. Maybe you should have the students mark each others work and then it might start hitting home how obvious the plagiarism is. Use turnitin as a means to curb this could be a good idea as it gets them used to the fact of being original. But perhaps the students have too much homework and they dont have enough time to do your assignment. Students these days have so many after school activities on. And whats more important- doing homework or socializing with friends. Maybe the school should look at  teaching organization skills and the school homework policy

ICT Talk

Posted: November 16, 2011 in Uncategorized

ict presentation PPTIntro Hello My Name is David Rattigan. My teaching method is art I am looking at advances of ICT in the art classroom especially at 3D printers and iPads

Slide1

Over head projectors used to be the mainstay of any classroom to show important works of art to the whole class. Most classrooms have now have digital projectors or interactive white boards. The Next will be 3D projection technology. It’s just beginning now, but it’s developing fast. Researchers are creating rooms that completely encompass audiences in the display. From floor to ceiling, a simple presentation can become a total sensory exhibition. Imagine what impact this phenomenon would have on students. Prior to 12 years old students tend to decode visuals section by section rather than as a whole. Most students prefer coloured over B&W and photographs over line drawings. Imaging how engaged they would be to have a Matrix styled class room in which they can interact with the visuals

Slide 2

There are many ICT gadgets and software in the Art room here is just a few. There maybe a couple that you have not used or seen such as the software and 3D printers. What gadgets are missing and have been already superceeded? The Amount of ICT equipment depends on the resources of the school. At Melbourne High They have a multitude of up to date computers. On the flip side some schools may opted for a ICT trolley carrying computers to the different classrooms. Students become familiar with drawing programs and image manipulation software such as Illustrator and Photoshop in year 9 and move on to InDesign in year 11 to create brochures . In senior school photography units have become very popular. Instantaneous playback of photos means there are no complicated procedures for developing film and no poisonous chemicals involved. DVDs have been replaced by you tube and streaming from the net – students can watch clips of art history such as Simon Schama’s Power of art Series detailing the lives of the most influential artists.  Students can watch artists in motion creating artworks and the process they go through with or without time lapse photography. Internet gives us the ability to view artworks and artist biographies. The trusty photocopier helps  with  image transfers in printmaking. 3D printers they will revolutionized Art and design subjects . Students can create a design and have a 3d model created within 5 minuets. They use Archicad a free 3D modeling software or similar CAD software. At the moment 3D printers are rather expensive and large, however like most things they can only get better and cheaper. They could also be used to engage students in science etc – design a water molecule etc . Its similar to the ‘Replicator “ out of star trex.  These machines had a   huge success at Melbourne High for engaging the students.  Overhead projectors and powerpoint or keynote presentations  can be used by students to create presentations to give to their peers.

Slide 5&6

The iPad is a portable computer which means the layout of the class room can change. They are not bulky so can easily fit on desk and be comfortably carried to school. The traditional visual diary becomes a digital interactive archive of work. Gone are the heavy texts of art painting since they are now downloadable. There are apps which function at different levels of Boom’s taxonomy such as apps for Knowledge and Remembering :activities like art quizzes “ What Artist is this “ and Jigsaw puzzles of famous paintings. The Application level apps such as games that pose art problems and teach colour theory at the same time . Analysis level such as colour theory apps can be used as a tool it looks at monochromatic complimentary, split complimentary colours and what to mix them with. It is very precise and takes the guess work out. The old fashion manual colour wheel is redundant. There are apps for Creating and  Synthesis such as the many Art creating tools like Brushes , Sketch book pro. In Brushes one of the coolest things is you can do is play back your painting right there on the iPad and watch as it re-creates itself. Even better you can email yourself the “actions” file for the painting to your computer and using the free Brushes Viewer application it can re-render the image up to 6x high and wide.  These painting and drawing apps function just as you would with a canvas and easel however no mess and you can do it anywhere. The front cover of the New Yorker made the App Brushes famous in 2009 – the cover was produced within half an hour.  A student can experiment with an app for free in the lite version if there is one.  There are animation apps for drawing.  Useful for creating a flip book.  Apps which can turn photos and artwork into different styles such as impressionism , pointillist etc. Wireless printing – students can print out images without having to be connected therefore no more messy wires for connection and one central printer needed.

Slide 7

Down side to Ipads: there are not many but I had to be inventive to think of some . The iPad looses the physicality of painting and getting paint on your hands- some famous painters painted with their hands such as William Turner, Loyd Rees .  It looses the act of becoming more intimate with the materials and canvas The biggest down side is that for the VCE there has to be the  authentication of the work done. Because of the nature of the ipad it may be easy for students to import other peoples work or have another person do the work for them.  Students play games or use them for other activities other than what they should be doing for example : Face booking, emailing, doing other subject assignments . Excuses why they cant use their iPad- the battery is flat iPads. They  are expensive and may be stolen or broken. The Apps are also taxing on the wallet. Information download is dependent on the internet connection. The  school must have efficient It personnel to set up and maintain the network . its possible to catch germs from the touch screen so use a stylus.

Is it possible to out source some of your teaching work such as marking essays and multiple choice , lesson planning, creating curriculum etc?. Would there be an appropriately qualified person who could help you in your teaching career to be more productive and better equipped to provide assistance to students?. What about the services of  Elance  and Guru  It has been noted that NASSA has began  to outsource some of its age old problems which they have not been able to crack. They have provided large sums of money for the person who can solve their problems in an online competition. Would it also be possible to out source some teacher responsibilities ?

I Have just done a unit at Uni called “Teacher as Art Maker”. It discusses  how being an artist as well as a teacher can befit the curriculum and the students. It also looks at the hurdles to this role such as lack of support from the school as well as red tape taken up in the administration side of school. Id love to find someone to help sort and clean out my junk mail. I’m sure there is a Masters graduate out there that could do this. So why not outsource some of your responsibilities and have more time to teach and be an artist ? Would that be irresponsible ?

The reliability of Wikis

Posted: November 9, 2011 in Uncategorized

What is a wiki? – It was developed by Ward Cunningham in 1995. He Called it Wiki after he saw the wikiwiki bus at Honolulu airport transporting people between terminals. Wiki in Hawaiian means quickly. It is basically it is an online collaboration tool . It is a knowledge base for a project or a space to compile knowledge about a topic. It enables one person to write the initial text and then someone else may comment on or update that text. The most famous Wiki is Wikipedia.

Research has been done by Nature magazine to compare Wikipedia with the on-line Encyclopedia Britannica and Microsoft Deluxe version of Encarta 2005 edition. They found that the two sources were generally comparable and that they both contained errors of fact and that each had information the other did not.  Wikipedia has 21,000000 articles and 609 million words

Encyclopedia Britannica has 120, 000 articles  and 55 million words

Encarta has 63,000 articles with 40 million words.

Wikipedia is written by volunteers and sometimes dates and places are incorrect. The descriptions of events can be  written from a  particular bias of perspective eg The discoverers of “the first “ also come from the same country as the writers.

They have introduced measures to make the individual  authors of  Wikipedia more accountable by introducing  Wiki  scanners. These  can trace the computer IP address where the edits have come from.

The advantages of Wikki’s and Wikipedia  is that it can be updated instantaneously. You can obtain up to date social media.   Wikis facilitate multiple authorship. This means that  you can have multiple people working on the same document at different computers. All authors can change any or all of the entries. However they are not able to edit the same piece at the same time. How reliable is the information in Wikipedia? And how do you stop students from cutting and pasting straight from Wikipedia into their assignments? Should you use turnitin ? or is that to cruel ?

The multiple authorship  utilizes the Constructivism theory that we have studied such as Piaget  and Vygotsky . Knowledge is constructed socially through interactions agreements and disagreements among groups. This is what I like about Google Docs . They are amazing in how they can have  several authors working on a document at one time from various places. This tool would have been useful in ALT when we were creating our Guttman assignment.

Other interesting Wikis – Wiki educator  run by the British Commonwealth to provide a free version of the education curriculum by 2015.

There is also Wikinews, Wiki quote ,Wikiversity, Wikibooks. Wikihow  is the worlds largest how to manual. Wiki travel- free up to date travel guide. Web 2.0 web applications which can enhance Wikis  are photo bucket, flickr, bookr, voice thread and slideShare.

Wiki spaces has initiated the 100 k free wiki spaces for educational institutions so far sinces feb 2008 60,835 have been used

J Pearce,G Bass(2008). Technology toolkit. Victoria, Australia :Cengage Learning

ICT is an important aspect of both schools I was teaching at in semesters one and two. The private school IT department had a more efficient system as they had a team of about 8 people. The public school in first semester had only two staff members. At the public school I was not hooked up to the network. The IT people always said “ you are at the top of our list”. So after about 4 or 5 attempts to get connected I gave up. We were also told we would have a $50 photo copying account, however that never happened either. In the public system the photocopiers were always breaking down so I did mine on my home printer. However, both networks at the two schools were highly sophisticated systems. You could look up the history of each child: all their social data, absenteeism, marks, detentions etc. Therefore gaining an inside view  on how to engage with the student and find out what outside factors might be influencing them  is effecting them in your class.  The principle at the public school had designed his own networking system (he was a physics/maths teacher) with some other teacher designers in china as a research project.

In term three I assisted in making a year 5 animation project with an artist in residence . This was part of the Victorian Government initiative called “ Artists in Schools”. Students had to make 25 second animations based on the core values of the school. The school was facilitating a writing festival at which the animations were being premiered. The students worked in small teams of five students. They created their characters out of plasticine. The sets where a collaborative effort made in the art room. The groups had to organize themselves, make story boards, decide the different types of shots eg, long shot, close up and extreme close up etc . Before the animation was shot the students acted out their scenes . It was interesting to see the dynamics of the group and for them to work out their problems. After they had done the animation it was necessary to do the voice over. The animation was a fairly involved process and took the whole term. It was fascinating to see how animation can be incorporated into the curriculum and successfully teach the students about IT ,communication, team work, art, and English. This would fit into the Vels statement of “ICT supports knowledge-building among teams and enables team members to collaborate , inquire ,interact and integrate prior knowledge with new understanding.”

There are multimedia festivals run by the Victorian Government for school aged children such as Screen It . This is a competition run by ACMI to produce a 30sec -120 second animation based around the theme Respect. Students can also create an Live action film or Video Game. This involvement with different organisations is extremely important in the curriculum of the schools Also check out the largest ever animation produced using a Nokia mobile phone. Using clips such as these is an engaging  way of inspiring students.

In class I introduced YouTube interviews with famous artist such as Pablo Picasso, Albert Tucker, Salvador Dali etc . However, it is important to follow up these interactions with a discussion or worksheets. For a year 7 dragon drawing exercise I had a short extract from ‘How to Train Your Dragon “. This introduction really engaged the students in the subjects. I had another video which I presented at half way each being only 2 minuets long. I also used power point presentations to present information and artist paintings. One of the assignment for the year 9s was to present a short three slide power point presentation. I think that they would have seen the necessary requirements from the models I presented.

National gallery websites have educational components attached to them such as The National Gallery of America eg kids. I used this website for one of my lessons. On this page you can create a painting similar to that of Henri Rousseau and other fun activities. With the Henri Reasseau topic the students spent a single lesson in the computer labs learning about the man and then creating a picture in his style using the tools on this website . This preliminary design was then use as a template for their own construction. To help students engage with their art world they could become a member of artist run blogs where they could communicate with the community about their art . Another great website to expose students to the contemporary world of art is Saatchi

As an art teacher I think the nature of schooling is dramatically changing with the integration of ICT and multimedia devices. Take I pods for example. They are seen as a scourge by most teachers, however they can be used to advantage. The year 11 teacher at my school would let some students listen to them during class down the back because it kept them quiet. However in art class interviews or pod cast of experts talking abut artists or specific periods in art history could be downloaded for self learning with a more knowledgeable other (Vygotsky). If you go on to iTunes and click on the ItunesU tab there is a plethora of web audio and video recordings on artists, graphic design, art movements etc. . Its an amazing wealth of knowledge. There are also  a plethora of apps which can be used for either the I phone or I pad such as Hipstamatic ,which many of my fellow TC use, to drawing and art history apps. Just imagine how the phone obsessed teenager would react if you said the drawing and painting units were going to be done on their I phone. I think the Art classes would be over flowing. Check out some of the examples here

Visual communications is highly dependent on ICT. There are several programs the students use to manipulate images and solve problems. In year 9 visual communications students begin to use basic Illustrator and Photoshop elements. The levels of complexity gradually increase in the design briefs. In year 12 they have to have advanced skills to develop a logo for a tee shirt ,plus a business card, and the marketing of products for a company. In Year ten the students can do an architecture unit . To solve the problem of drawing elevations. The students begin by creating a 3D model of their house design. They take a photograph of the front and side view and put it into a program which draws in the elevations for them.

The 3D printer is another piece of hardware which is going to revolutionize the classroom. Melbourne High School purchased one in July as well as Scotch College in Melbourne and Tasmania. However they come with a rather steep price tag. It is possible to buy them that haven’t been assembled at a fraction of the cost. But I would not trust my soldering skills. Students use 3D drawing and visualization software such as Google Sketch Up or Archicad. This printer will enable cross curriculum participation between domains such as technical drawing , industrial design and art. It is now possible to have a prototype of a design at the push of a button. The influences of this hardware in Studio Art are yet to be realized.